A to Z of Teaching

Zone of Proximal Development [ZPD]

The difference between what a learner can do without help, and what they can do with help.

The concept was developed by Vygotsky, who argued that a child follows an adult’s example, gradually developing their learning over time. For Vygotsky, education is about experiences to be learnt from and the Zone of Proximal Development is “the distance between the actual developmental level as determined by independent problem solving and the level of potential development as determined through problem solving under adult guidance, or in collaboration with more capable peers.”

Categories: Learning theory

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