Measurement of the achievement and progress of the learner. See programme-focused assessment, assessment literacy, formative assessment, summative assessment, authentic assessment, self-assessment, peer assessment, ipsative assessment, synoptic assessment..
Assessment that is used to help teachers and learners gauge the strengths and weaknesses of the learners' performance while there is still time to take action for improvement. Typically, it is expressed in words rather than marks or grades. Information about learners may be used diagnostically (see summative assessment).