Behaviourism in education is a ‘traditional’ approach to teaching and learning. A behaviourist pedagogy sees learning as educator-centred – the lecturer is the knowledge giver and leader. The theory of behaviourism in teaching and learning comes from the work of Thorndike (1911), Pavlov (1927) and Skinner (1957). Key features of behavourist theory are direct instruction and lectures. Knowledge should be delivered in a curriculum where each subject is taught discretely (as opposed to topic-based learning, for example).