Watch this video to see 'Two by Three by Bradford' in action...

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The purpose of 'Two by Three by Bradford'

To get students focused and in sync with each other, concentrating on what their colleagues are doing.

Activity description

  • Useful for
  • Preparation
  • How to do it
  • Duration
  • Adaptations

Warming up at the beginning of class or re-focusing after a break in a longer class. Also helpful for getting students to feel connected with each other. Encouraging use of the body, refresh students’ bodies and minds.


This activity is described well here: 

Depends on class size and how much sharing out you do. If working in pairs and using 1,2,3, it could take about 5 minutes. If groups of four, you would us 1,2,3,4,5 and it could take about 10 minutes, depending on how in-sync the group is.

If students cannot turn cameras on, perhaps the teacher could ask them to make sounds on their turn, or to type something in the chat on their turn instead of the action/speech.

Additional resources

For opportunities to attend workshops on these activities, see Theresa Ronquillo’s Embody Change:

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How do I use these resources?

We have created a welcome video and some introductory text that explains in detail how to use these resources. You can also find answers to some key questions below. 

Yes you can. We have included descriptive text and slides that you can reuse / adapt for this reason. We have suggested some variations for activities to help you make adaptations.

We show how much time an activity should take and what resources you need to help you make a decision.

As we include more resources over time you will have a greater choice of activities and more information about the different contexts within which they work best. 

Any technique can block some people out, make them feel unwelcomed, or be used in a way that privileges some and makes it harder on others.

All of these techniques should be used in conjunction with pedagogies of care and what we call Intentionally Equitable Hospitality

If you try an adaptation of this activity, or try it as is and have interesting results to share, please contribute your adaptation/reflection in the comments or get in touch through social media / email.

Coming soon: there will be room to discuss these activities in private discussion forums in OneHE’s.

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